The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there are between 15 and 20 million people in India are afflicted with asthma and the disease accounts for annual deaths of about 180,000 in the world. The
mortality rate for Americans with asthma is lower than most countries yet about 6,000 deaths a year occur in the United States that are attributed to asthma. It is a comparatively small ratio, however, considering the total number of Americans afflicted with asthma is about 10 million. According to the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, asthma is one of the leading causes for children not attending school.
Most asthma attacks do not result in death, but they can cause respiratory disorders or result in severe problems breathing, which are accompanied by pain and discomfort. Loss of consciousness from attacks can occur, which carries additional health risks. There are several medications for controlling asthma, including herbal remedies. The two most common treatments are quick-relief medications and long-term medications. Medicine for quick relief can help stop a possible asthma attack within minutes. Beta-agonists are short-acting and are the “preferred” type. You should carry your medicine with you at all times to help prevent an attack. When you first recognize that you are going to suffer an episode by suffering any of the symptoms which were described earlier, you should take a quick-relief medicine.
Long-term asthma medicines include inhaled corticosteroids, which open the breathing airways and reduces swelling. They are generally safe when prescribed by your doctor. These medicines can also include steroid tablets or liquid. One of the inhaled long-acting beta agonists are bronchodilators. Often these long-term medicines are taken with inhaled corticosteroids. Leukotriene modifiers can also be effective for mild cases of asthma. Antihistamines are often prescribed to treat asthma. In very severe cases, allergy shots (hyposensitization) can be ordered.
Beta blockers can interfere with medicines taken for asthma. Beta blockers for the treatment of high blood pressure or glaucoma, aspirin, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are among them. If you are or plan to become pregnant, be sure totalk to your doctor and inform him (or her) about it. Generally, it is less risky to take asthma medications while pregnant as opposed to not taking medication.
Doctors in emergency rooms may use a device called a capnography, which measures the amount of exhaled carbon dioxide. They may also use pulse oximetry to display how much oxygen is dissolved in the blood, and determine how well the asthma is being controlled by medications. Many people suffering from eczema have an increased risk of asthma.
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has designated four categories of asthma; mild intermittent, mild persistent, moderate persistent, and severe persistent. Stimuli triggering asthma attacks fall into the following categories; allergenic air pollution (such as waste from household pests), indoor allergenic (including perfumes or colognes), medications (such as aspirin and penicillin), food allergies (such as eggs, milk and peanuts), fossil fuel air pollution (such as smog, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, and sulfur dioxide), industrial compounds (such as sulfites, chlorine, and other chloramines), viral respiratory infections, exercise or exertion, indoor air pollution (from newsprint or other literature and glossy magazines), hormone changes (such as menstruation), and emotional stress. Eighty percent of adult asthma attacks are the result of respiratory viruses.
Note: Some statements in this article may not be
approved by the FDA. This article is for informational purposes only and
should not be taken as professional medical advice.